Directory of Early Photographers in Suffolk - Sources and Conventions
Though Thetford and Yarmouth appear in some Suffolk trade directories, they are Norfolk towns, and are covered by that county's Directory. Lowestoft and Newmarket are covered by the Suffolk Directory, despite their occasional appearance in trade directories for Norfolk and Cambridgeshire respectively. Gorleston and Southtown Yarmouth were ancient Suffolk parishes, and appear in the Suffolk Directory, in spite of their frequent straying into Norfolk trade directories. However, photographers whose work spread over both Great Yarmouth and Gorleston or Southtown have their full careers listed in both Norfolk and Suffolk Directories.
The following abbreviations are used for Suffolk sources:
AS Aubrey's Suffolk
AC Aubrey's Cambridgeshire
CF Cowell's Felixstowe & Walton
CN Craven's Norfolk
CY Cobb's Great Yarmouth
HS Harrod's Suffolk
HN Harrod's Norfolk
IDT Ipswich & District Trades Directory
JI Jarrold's Ipswich
KC Kelly's Cambridgeshire
KI Kelly's Ipswich
KN Kelly's Norfolk
KS Kelly's Suffolk
KY Kelly's Great Yarmouth
MS Morris' Suffolk
NTC National Telephone Company Directory
SI Stevens' Ipswich
SY Steer's Great Yarmouth
TC Town & County's Eastern Counties of England
WN White's Norfolk
WS White's Suffolk
Evidence has been drawn from:
HS 1864, 1873
HN 1863, 1868, 1872, 1877
KC 1875, 1879, 1883, 1888, 1892, 1896, 1900, 1904, 1908, 1912, 1916
KI 1906, 1909, 1910, 1912, 1913, 1914, 1915, 1918
KN 1879, 1883, 1892, 1896, 1900, 1904, 1908, 1912, 1916
KS 1853, 1858, 1865, 1869, 1875, 1879, 1883, 1888, 1892, 1896, 1900, 1904, 1908, 1912, 1916
KY 1911/12, 1913/14, 1915/16
SI 1881, 1885, 1894
SY circa 1878
WN 1854, 1883, 1890, 1868
WS 1844, 1855, 1874*, 1885, 1892
* A number of photographers are missing from the county-wide listing of WS1874 but appear in the town lists. These entries were overlooked in the original compiling of this directory, but local historian David Gobbitt has supplied the information needed to remedy the deficiency.
Abbreviations, as indicated, are also used for the following additional sources of information:
Adamson: More Early Studios (2), K Adamson, The Photographic Journal, Royal Photographic Society, July 1988
Appleby:The Magic Boxes. Professional Photographers and Their Studios in North Essex, 1845-1937, David & John Appleby, Essex Record Office, 1992
Dimond & Taylor: Crown & Camera - The Royal Family & Photography, 1842-1910, Frances Dimond & Roger Taylor, Penguin, 1987
Heathcote: A Faithful Likeness – The First Photographic Portrait Studios in the British Isles, 1841-1855, Bernard & Pauline Heathcote, Heathcote, 2002
Fairground Ancestors: UK Fairground Ancestors website at http://members.shaw.ca/pauline777/Visual.html
Jarman: Victorian Bury St Edmunds in Photographs, introduction by O G Jarman, Suffolk County Archives & County Libraries, 1980
Linkman: The Victorians – Photographic Portraits, Audrey Linkman, Tauris Parke, 1993
LJ/IR: Article in The Lowestoft Journal, early January 2011, based on information supplied by Ian Robb
Malster: Suffolk, Robert Malster, Sutton Publishing, 1997 (reissued as part of a compendium, Suffolk - The photographic Collection, Sutton Publishing, 2003)
Robb/Godfrey Information from Paul Godfrey, drawn from his correspondence with Ian Robb, April-August 2009
Bury St Edmunds is abbreviated to Bury throughout the Directory.
Whilst ‘Aldborough’ is found in some trade directories up to the mid 1880s, the spelling ‘Aldeburgh’ is encountered throughout the period covered by the A-Z and it persists today. The archaic spelling on the back of a photograph may indicate mid-eighties or earlier, but the modern spelling is no proof of a relatively modern picture. ‘Aldeburgh’ is used throughout the present listing.
The following conventions have been adopted for the ordering and presentation of entries:
Individuals are listed before any non-family partnerships that include them.
Partnerships appear under the names of both (or all) partners.
Where a photographer embarked on more than one partnership, those partnerships are listed in alphabetical order of the partner who is not the focus of the entry.
Addresses are listed in order of their earliest appearance.
Imprecise addresses (those which name only the town/village, or those which give a street but no number) are recorded separately. They may, of course, refer to a studio listed more precisely elsewhere in that photographer’s entry.
Additional notes are set in italics.
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